Today the use of ultrasound of the internal organs of the body considered the most accessible and completely secure method of examination. With the help of ultrasound diagnoses of female and male reproductive system, urology and identify gynecological diseases, monitor the development of pregnancy in women who promptly determine various deviations from the mother of the fetus: anatomical, physiological, genetic. Traditionally, ultrasound of the pelvis, 3 g Ultrasound is used to investigate the state of the reproductive system, tracking the changes of internal organs, leading to disease infertility. Thanks to the ultrasound of the pelvic organs are determined by size, their shape, structure, location, presence and nature of the tumor, the thickness of the epithelium. Investigation of ultrasound is based on the use of ultrasonic waves can be reflected from the internal organs of the human body that provides an opportunity to imaging allows to assess the state at any given time.
The principle of ultrasound is based on echolocation. It is also called echography, sonography, ultrasound imaging. Currently, ultrasound is performed using two basic techniques: transabdominal and transvaginal. Transabdominal, carried out through the anterior abdominal wall carried out at compulsory filling of the bladder, giving the so-called acoustic window. Transvaginal ultrasound. It is based on information from special sensors placed in the female genital organs, does not require special training and allows more detail to see the 'inner world' women. Very widely used ultrasound in gynecology and obstetrics, midwifery making making this branch of medicine is more advanced in the scientific sense.
Thanks to the U.S. can trace how the development in the mother of the future baby literally from the very beginning before birth. The ultrasound will more accurately determine a woman's pregnancy and the time and date of birth. For prevention to detect diseases at an early stage are recommended for ultrasound examination pelvis at least once a year. Previously, it was possible with ultrasound turned out just a flat two-dimensional image of an organ. Recently, however, due to the emergence and development computer technology doctors can get a more informative volume three-dimensional image of the body or organ by zd technologies. Unlike two-dimensional sonography, 3 D ultrasound provides opportunity to conduct More precise measurements of the internal organs, as well as receive previously unavailable ultrasound slices.